Israel-Egyptian Peace Agreement Signed

International Environmental Agreement Journal
April 10, 2021
Koncul Agreement
April 10, 2021

Israel-Egyptian Peace Agreement Signed

The peace treaty contains a provision called the Agreed Activity Mechanism, which allows Egypt and Israel to jointly amend the regulations of Egyptian troops in The Sinai, without having to formally review the treaty itself. Israel has authorized Egypt to send troops to central and eastern Sinai for mutual security reasons, such as the presence of militant jihadist groups in these areas. These changes are coordinated through the MFO. [4] Carter`s adoption of the proposed liaison program would have meant U.S. support for Sadat`s unprecedented peace initiative. But Carter said no. But Carter could not prevent the Israeli-Egyptian peace surge. Within days, Israeli journalists were allowed to enter Cairo and broke through a symbolic barrier, and from there the peace process quickly accelerated. An Israeli-Egyptian labour summit was scheduled for 25 December in Ismailiya, near the Suez Canal. [12] The UN General Assembly rejected the middle East peace framework because the agreement was reached without the participation of the United Nations and the PLO and was not in accordance with the Palestinian right to return, self-determination, independence and national sovereignty.

In December 1978, it stated in Resolution 33/28 A that the agreements are valid only if they are within the framework of the United Nations and its Charter and resolutions, that they include the Palestinian right to return and the right to national independence and sovereignty in Palestine, and that they are concluded with the participation of the PLO. The passive attitude of the Security Council has also been criticized. [20] On 6 December 1979, the United Nations, in its resolution 34/70, condemned all partial agreements and separate treaties that did not respect Palestinian rights and comprehensive solutions for peace; It condemned the continuation of the occupation of Israel and called for the withdrawal of all occupied territories. [21] On 12 December, in Resolution 34/65 B, it rejected more specific parts of the Camp David agreements and similar agreements that did not meet the above requirements. All these partial agreements and separate treaties have been strongly condemned. The part of the Camp David agreements on the future of Palestine and all similar agreements have been cancelled. [22] Egypt was the first Arab state to sign a peace agreement with Israel, with which it and other Arab nations had been at war since the founding of the Jewish nation in 1948. More than three decades have passed since Israel and Egypt signed their treaty and peace was maintained.

Nevertheless, it is considered a cold peace, as relations between the two peoples have not improved significantly and have even deteriorated slightly following the national uprising of the Arab Spring in 2011. Trade and tourism go mainly in one direction – from Israel to Egypt. Under former President Hosni Mubarak, the government-controlled press and Israel`s intellectual elite remained hostile and anti-Semitic articles and cartoons were published in newspapers and magazines. Mubarak was an active participant in the peace process, although he helped harden Arab positions vis-à-vis Israel for most years. He also refused to travel to Israel, with the exception of loneliness, to attend the funeral of Prime Minister Jitzchak Rabin. Yet peace is often referred to as a “cold peace”[14] and many in Egypt are skeptical of its effectiveness. [16] [17] The Arab-Israeli conflict has kept relations cold. [18] According to CNSNews.com, in 2008, the Egyptian army conducted simulated military exercises against an “enemy” Israel. [19] [19] [Best Source Required] On March 26, 1979, Sadat and Begin signed the contract in a ten-minute ceremony at the White House, attended by approximately 2,000 dignitaries.

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