1.131 In our view, two elements of accountability are essential for the federal government, which can show Canadians the environmental results achieved with respect to Canada`s international environmental agreements: setting performance expectations and measuring and reporting results. The departments responsible for the results clearly indicate the expected results and then measure the results obtained. The guidelines for an AED are defined by the participating countries. The United Nations and the World Trade Organization are important intergovernmental organizations for forging and implementing agreements. 1.39 What we looked at. We wanted to know if Environment Canada knew the extent to which Canada was able to target the consumption of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and methyl bromide. In addition, we reviewed information provided by Environment Canada on the environmental outcomes of reducing the use of ozone-depleting substances. 1.2 We found that both the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances and the Ozone Annex apply to the United States. Air quality agreements, expected environmental outcomes have been defined and Environment Canada measures actual results in the complacency of these expectations. In both cases, the Department knows to what extent it is achieving the environmental objectives we have studied. 1.119 Our five case studies provided additional information on the responsibility of responsible services for the outcome of their agreements. We found that, overall, there is no significant difference between the way the federal government manages and takes into account environmental policies and objectives set out in international environmental agreements and those defined elsewhere.
There are no management guidelines, procedures or mechanisms that apply exclusively to international environmental agreements. Results similar to those of other government policies, programs or initiatives are in fact considered. We believe that this is neither an unexpected point of view nor a problem, as long as the principles of accountability are applied. However, we found that the key elements of accountability are not always present.